Federal Dollars Could Mean Big Opportunities to Support Students
Since March, we’ve kept you up-to-date on the many moving components of the last three federal stimulus packages. As you recall, the federal government has provided three different stimulus packages in the last calendar year, each including more money for education than the next to combat the devastating effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. (Here were a few stimulus “Big Ideas” from our CEO, Paul Herdman.)
The most recent package, President Joe Biden’s $1.9 trillion American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA), provides $350 billion for states, local governments, territories and tribal governments (with around $123 billion earmarked for K-12 schools). The legislation also includes funding that extends to other branches of education, like colleges and universities, transit agencies, housing aid, child care providers and food assistance.
With that in mind, we assembled the below table to show funds that Delaware government agencies can use for education. K-12 education and early learning both have their own pots of funding, but other funding streams can be used for education-adjacent purposes. Our list is not exhaustive. Given the procedural nature of the varying funds, grants, and allocations, it’s difficult to get a read on the total amount of federal funding Delaware is receiving.
A few other important notes to remember:
- Processes vary: some money has to be applied for, whereas some (such as the case for ESSER) is allocated based on federal guidance.
- Each stream of funding has its own allowable uses.
- These federal injections represent one-time funding; it is important to be strategic about how we plan to utilize the dollars.
- Timelines vary: Most of the funds must be spent or obligated over the next few years, but dates vary.
- The office of the State Auditor announced that they will keep track of how the state spends its ARPA dollars.
- The Delaware Department of Education built a website for ESSER to show allocations, state, and local district and charter plans. Local education agencies (districts and charters) are required to submit spending plans in order to receive the full allocation of money.
*To see district and charter school allocations, visit the Delaware Department of Education’s ESSER webpage.
Note: This table will be updated as more information becomes available. It is not inclusive of all funds or allocations available to Delaware.
References and Resources
- The American Rescue Plan Act
- Coronavirus State and Local Fiscal Recovery Funds (U.S. Department of Treasury)
- Child Care Relief Funding in American Rescue Plan: State-by-State Estimates (The Center for Law and Social Policy)
- Estimated FY2021 Grants to States (Congressional Research Service)
- Elementary and Secondary School Emergency Relief (ESSER) Funding (Delaware Department of Education)
- American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 Fact Sheet (U.S. Department of Education)